Members and friends of Mission Viejo RACES-ARES practice VFTOM so that we are prepared to manually program our radios in an emergency.

This page has links to member cheat sheets for programming various radios.


Safety is always "priority #1" on all incidents, including public service events, operations, activities, meetings, training sessions or (development) exercises. Implementing and maintaining a "safe" operating environment requires policies, procedures and protocols focusing on safety of yourself (and those around you), other incident participants and the general public.

The need to change frequencies quickly may happen with little or no advance notice. Finding yourself in an unsafe operating environments is just one (among many) reason why every emergency "volunteer" responder communicators tasked with providing primary or supplemental communications support must be able to change frequencies with little (or no) advance notice (upon demand), and do so quickly and safely.

"V-F-T-0-M" drills help radio operators to maintain individual and organizational proficiency and ability to change frequencies when required to meet incident objectives or changing mission requirements.

Every emergency communications specialist must be able to change the frequencies of the radio they bring to and use during an incident.  Many have created a pocket Quick Reference Card or Sheet for their personal use and memory refresher.

To review, V-F-T-O-M stands for:

1.           "V" Select radio "VFO" mode (you cannot program a radio in "memory" mode).

2.           "F" Select desired or requested (F)requency.

3.           "T" Select desired, requested or needed (T)one.

4.           "O" Select requested or needed (O)ffset, either "plus" (P) or "minus" (M), to include "open" tone (tone enabled on transit or "encode" only (or) tone enabled on both encode and receive or "decode" ... also known as "CTCSS").

5.           "M" Save into (M)emory.

The following was submitted for reference:

WA6RUZ - Yaesu VX-5, VX-8DR, FT-8800, FT-90.

WA6RUZ - Yaesu FT-8800R

AD6AT - Yaesu FT-90, FT-530, FT-7900, FT-60.

K6HIV - Wouxun KG-UVD1P, 2P, 3P.

KB6BXD - Baofeng UV5R.

W5JCK - Yaesu VX-7R.

W5JCK - Yaesu VX-6R, FT-7900R, FT-8800R.

WA6BJY - Yaesu VX-8DR   Yaesu FT-60R




Revised 2016-04.14